By Robert Shenk
Drawing seriously on formerly unknown resources, Robert Shenk deals a revealing portrait of America's small Black Sea Fleet within the years following international conflict I. Home-ported in Constantinople, army ships sped to the Crimea to aid evacuate a few 150,000 White Russians, after which coordinated the grain shipments that ended a poor Russian famine. The fleet's successes in evacuating approximately 200,000 ethnic Armenian and Greek refugees from Smyrna and in rescuing tens of hundreds of thousands from mainland Turkey also are specified in complete. Shenk's incisive depiction of Admiral Mark Bristol as either head of U.S. naval forces and the USA s leader diplomat within the zone William Leahy, Thomas Kinkaid, Julian Wheeler, and diplomat Allen Dulles served lower than him support to make this e-book the first-ever accomplished account of a necessary, yet little-known naval project.
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Extra info for America's Black Sea Fleet: The U.S. Navy Amidst War and Revolution, 1919-1923
Wachusett had three large guns, and six light guns. com 100-pounder Parrott rifles, were in broadside mounts, while one was on a centerline pivot. It also mounted light Parrott pivots at the bow and stern, and four 32-pounder smoothbores on trucked broadside mounts. Hatteras had a similar arrangement with pivots at the bow and stern and four 32-pounder smoothbores in broadside carriages. Hatteras carried only light guns. It had a 30-pounder Parrott rifle and a 20-pounder Parrott rifle as pivots, a legacy of its civilian origins.
Alabama also mounted a 7in Blakely rifled muzzle-loader (2). While this had a smaller bore, it carried a longer, larger round than the 8in smoothbore. Its shot weighed 100lb and a shell around 85lb. This gun had the longest range of any gun used during the battle, but took longer to load and tended to overheat under sustained periods of fire. Both guns were on pivot mounts, the 7in forward and the 8in aft of the engine room. Opposing these two guns were Kearsarge’s two 11in Dahlgrens (5). These were smoothbore muzzle-loading cannon designed to fire shells.
Com rod was attached to a crankshaft with a return connecting rod driving the propeller shaft. They, too, were direct-drive engines turning the shaft at the same speed as the engine. Kearsarge had cylinders with a diameter of 54in; Wachusett’s cylinders were 50in. Both had a 30in stroke. Kearsarge’s plant yielded 822hp (USN), while Wachusett’s smaller engine produced 717hp (USN). 2 knots under steam power alone during sea trials. The United States Navy outfitted both sloops with four-bladed propellers.
America's Black Sea Fleet: The U.S. Navy Amidst War and Revolution, 1919-1923 by Robert Shenk