By A. B. Bosworth
During this examine, Bosworth appears to be like at Alexander the Great's actions in significant Asia and Pakistan, drawing a bleak photo of bloodbath and repression reminiscent of the Spanish conquest of Mexico. He investigates the evolution of Alexander's perspectives of empire and notion of common monarch, and files the illustration of Alexander via historians of antiquity. The booklet is directed to experts and common readers alike.
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Extra resources for Alexander and the East: The Tragedy of Triumph
The contrast with Alexander's reign is dramatic. There are adactual combat, despite the war, until the Battle of Mantineia (the liberated helots under Brasidas' command in the north were less fortunate). See in general V. D. Hanson, The Western Way of War (New York 1989) 25; Hoplites 3-5, 125. 71 Xen. Anab. 5. 6. 13: 'expert because of their practice' (dia zrjv zQiprjv ixavovg). Xen. Anab. 4. 3. 2. Small-scale skirmishes are attested at 4. 1. 7, 11-12, 18, 24-8, none involving any serious casualties but cumulatively exhausting.
152. 639-40 is an elaboration of Arrian (see now K. Brodersen, Klio 70 (1988) 463-4), and naturally adds nothing of substance. 63 I choose my words deliberately in the light of a frequently quoted essay (W. E. Higgins, Athenaeum 58 (1980) 140-52), which argues that there was nothing approaching a reign of terror under Alexander. '). It is the degree of terror that I find instructive. For a general to commission divination on the life of his king (below, n. 66) presupposes a state verging on blind panic.
18), who simply states that'the elephant drivers turned their beasts against the cavalry', not noticing that it destroyed Porus' tactics, as outlined at 5. 15. 6-7. Polyaen. 22, by contrast, lays emphasis on the gaps which occurred in Porus' line and their exploitation by the Macedonians. 48 Arr. 5. 17. 3; cf. Diod. 17. 1-2; Curt. 8. 14. 22-8. 49 The elephants inflicted some casualties but were unable to break or seriously disrupt the Macedonian line. On the other hand the Macedonian cavalry, concentrated in a single mass, launched destructive forays against the rear of the Indian line.
Alexander and the East: The Tragedy of Triumph by A. B. Bosworth