By Qiguo Zhao, Jikun Huang
As one of many eighteen field-specific experiences comprising the excellent scope of the strategic common file of the chinese language Academy of Sciences, this sub-report addresses long-range making plans for constructing technological know-how and expertise within the box of agriculture. They each one craft a roadmap for his or her sphere of improvement to 2050. of their entirety, the final and sub-group studies learn the evolution and legislation governing the improvement of technological know-how and expertise, describe the decisive effect of technological know-how and expertise at the modernization approach, expect that the realm is at the eve of an forthcoming S&T revolution, and phone for China to be totally ready for this new around of S&T development. in accordance with the certain learn of the calls for on S&T innovation in China’s modernization, the reviews draw a framework for 8 easy and strategic platforms of socio-economic improvement with the aid of technological know-how and expertise, figure out China’s S&T roadmaps for the proper 8 easy and strategic structures according to China’s truth, additional element S&T projects of strategic value to China’s modernization, and supply S&T decision-makers with finished consultations for the improvement of S&T innovation in step with China’s truth. Supported by way of illustrations and tables of information, the studies supply researchers, govt officers and marketers with information touching on learn instructions, the making plans method, and funding. based in 1949, the chinese language Academy of Sciences is the nation’s optimum educational establishment in typical sciences. Its significant tasks are to behavior learn in easy and technological sciences, to adopt national built-in surveys on usual assets and ecological surroundings, to supply the rustic with medical information and consultations for government’s decision-making, to adopt government-assigned tasks in regards to key S&T difficulties within the strategy of socio-economic improvement, to begin body of workers education, and to advertise China’s high-tech organisations via its energetic engagement in those components.
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Additional info for Agricultural Science & Technology in China: A Roadmap to 2050
The domestic production increase can not meet the growth of domestic demand, and to 2050, 30-60% of the domestic demand for these agricultural products will rely on imports. Although rice supply is more than self-sufficient, and the self-sufficiency rate of wheat can reach 90% or more, the significant increase of the demand for maize may leave its self-sufficiency rate to around 70% by 2050. The low selfsufficiency rate of cotton was mainly due to the expansion of export-oriented garment and textile industries.
According to our projection, even if the domestic production of cotton and other fiber crops products will be doubled by 2050, which can only meet 60% of the total demand (including domestic demand and export demand), cotton imports will gradually increase, and cotton will become one of the major imported agricultural products in China in the future. 2 The Sustained and Rapid Growth of China’s Economy Will Gradually Increase the Demand from the State and Society for Agricultural Multifunction By 2050, China’s economy will gradually stride into the ranks of developed countries from the current middle-income developing economies and in this long-term and sustained process of economic development, the national and social demand for agricultural multifunction will gradually increase.
By 2050, besides the five major challenges in global agricultural development, Chinese agriculture will have to face the following challenges related closely with the national conditions of China. 1. Chinese agriculture will face enormous challenges to meet growing domestic demand for agricultural products in both quantity and quality and to improve its agricultural security China has the largest population in the world. In despite of the fact that the population growth rate will slow down in coming years and that the total population will reach the peak before 2050, the huge population base will pose tremendous pressure upon food demand in China in the long term.
Agricultural Science & Technology in China: A Roadmap to 2050 by Qiguo Zhao, Jikun Huang