By Florence E. Babb
Nicaragua's Sandinista revolution (1979-1990) initiated a wide application of social transformation to enhance the placement of the operating category and terrible, ladies, and different non-elite teams via agrarian reform, restructured city employment, and broad entry to future health care, schooling, and social prone. This publication explores how Nicaragua's least strong voters have fared within the years because the Sandinista revolution, as neoliberal governments have rolled again those state-supported reforms and brought measures to advertise the improvement of a market-driven economy.
Drawing on ethnographic examine carried out in the course of the Nineties, Florence Babb describes the damaging effects that experience the go back to a capitalist direction, specially for girls and low-income voters. furthermore, she charts the expansion of women's and different social events (neighborhood, lesbian and homosexual, indigenous, formative years, peace, and environmental) that experience taken good thing about new openings for political mobilization. Her ethnographic pics of a low-income barrio and of women's craft cooperatives powerfully hyperlink neighborhood, cultural responses to nationwide and international processes.
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Additional info for After Revolution: Mapping Gender and Cultural Politics in Neoliberal Nicaragua
Hurricane Joan in 1988 targeted the Atlantic Coast and Hurricane Mitch ten years later concentrated losses in the northwest. Even so, the capital felt the effects of the most recent disaster as the cost of food and other goods continued to escalate because of damaged crops and as many who were homeless and without productive land migrated there in search of shelter and livelihood. National recovery has been painfully slow, and, as usual, women and 46 “Managua Is Nicaragua” 47 the poor bear the major responsibility of caring for families in the most precarious circumstances.
2 Yet the widely held view that Managua’s relationship to the rest of Nicaragua has been detrimental, that it has stood in the way of national devel- 48 AF TER REVOLUTION 8. The silhouette of Sandino looks out over the Intercontinental Hotel, two contrasting icons in Managua. opment, should be countered with a more balanced perspective. A good deal of concern arises from the rapid pace of urbanization, as those who leave the countryside for the city end up, most visibly although unofﬁcially, in asentamientos (squatter settlements) and in the informal economy— contributing to the notion that city dwellers are parasites on the national economy and society.
He credited the Nicaraguan experience of revolution with enabling some members of society to sustain a consciousness that could democratize the country. 42 AF TER REVOLUTION The concern to examine questions of national and cultural identity in a country that has been deeply divided along ethnic lines between the Paciﬁc and Atlantic Coasts as well as along the lines of class, gender, and political orientation is apparent in the current outpouring of literature on the subject. Such recent titles as Nosotros los nicaragüenses (We, the Nicaraguans) (Solorzano 1995) and Identidad y crisis (Identity and Crisis)(Fundación Internacional “Rubén Darío” 1995) suggest the intense interest among Nicaraguans in such critical self-reﬂection.
After Revolution: Mapping Gender and Cultural Politics in Neoliberal Nicaragua by Florence E. Babb