By Marika Sherwood
With the abolition of the slave alternate in 1807 and the emancipation of all slaves during the British Empire in 1833, Britain washed its palms of slavery. now not so, in line with Marika Sherwood, who units the checklist immediately during this provocative new book. In truth, Sherwood demonstrates Britain persisted to give a contribution to and take advantage of the slave exchange good after 1807, even into the 20 th century. Drawing on unpublished resources in components of British historical past which were formerly neglected, she describes how slavery remained a great deal part of British trade and empire, particularly within the use of slave labour in Britain's African colonies. She additionally examines a few of the factors and repercussions of persevered British involvement in slavery and describes the various shady characters, in addition to the heroes, hooked up with the exchange - in any respect degrees of society. After Abolition comprises very important revelations a couple of darker aspect of British background to be able to impress genuine questions about Britain's perceptions of its prior.
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Extra info for After Abolition: Britain and the Slave Trade Since 1807 (Library of International Relations)
Liverpool imported such quantities of slave-grown sugar from the British colonies in the West Indies that its ﬁrst sugar reﬁnery was built in . 2 Slave-grown tobacco from the British plantations in Virginia on the American mainland was also imported by Liverpool’s merchants. 3 The trade in slaves and with the plantations greatly aided local manufacturing and provided employment for thousands in and around Liverpool. Slaving vessels had to be built and manned; the goods exchanged for the enslaved; and the fetters, manacles and chains used on the coast, on the vessels and on the plantations in the Americas, had to be manufactured.
The merchants’ proﬁts were generally vast: ‘Dicky Sam’, the chronicler of the Liverpool slave trade, calculated that the annual proﬁts on the , slaves carried by Liverpool vessels between and was £, (c. £ million in ). I have been unable to ﬁnd any estimates of the proﬁts of the manufacturers, the shipbuilders, the insurers or the bankers. The government also reaped proﬁts: it collected £, (c. 5 The proportion of this collected from vessels employed in the slave trade and slavery is not known.
45 • Another method used was described by the US Consul in Rio: as ‘no English vessel [was] permitted to carry to Africa such a cargo’, the merchants had to ﬁnd another method. 46 • Captain Fair of HMS Champion was so angered by his experiences that he published an open letter to the Foreign Ofﬁce. He claimed that he had witnessed that the British-owned Bahama Islands were used by Cuban slavers ‘for procuring supplies, often to receive information about our cruisers. ’47 • Another ploy was for the colluding traders to send out the ‘coast goods’ and have the cargo landed prior to the arrival of the slaving vessel.
After Abolition: Britain and the Slave Trade Since 1807 (Library of International Relations) by Marika Sherwood