By Herman L. Bennett
Полное название:"Africans in Colonial Mexico : absolutism, Christianity, and Afro-Creole cognizance, 1570–1640"
В этом исследовании, автор обнаружил много новой информации о жизни рабов и свободных чернокожих в Мексике и как их жизнь была регулированна правительством.
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Additional info for Africans in Colonial Mexico 1570–1640
After 1610, Jalapa’s planters were not aggressive buyers of enslaved Africans. Jalapa’s withdrawal from the international slave trade effected a social and demographic transformation among its resident labor force. 85 The demographic patterns on the Santisíma Trinidad sugar plantation vividly illustrate the precipitous decline of African slavery in New Spain. 86 By 1670, the number of slaves had increased but now represented a smaller percentage of the estate labor force. Meanwhile, the number of free mulattos and persons of African-Indian heritage (pardos) had increased to such an extent that they, along with the indigenous peoples, ¤lled the ranks of the wage labor force.
By the midsixteenth century, the creole population had proliferated to such an extent that the colonial authorities ¤nally took notice. Despite the impressive growth of this population, initially it could not compensate for the high mortality rates among the descendants of Africans. Yet toward the end of the sixteenth century, steady growth among surviving persons of African descent augmented the expanding nucleus of creoles. By 1650, this nucleus had produced a nearly balanced sex ratio in many regions throughout New Spain, which in turn sustained the reproduction of the creole population.
In doing so, the Spanish Crown consistently intervened on the masters’ purported domain. A master’s rights over property, including chattel, constituted a hallmark of Western Europe’s evolving legal systems. In law, the master embodied absolute authority in all matters pertaining to his property. So complete was this dominion that the master constituted the ¤nal arbiter in deciding if his res (property) warranted death. In the course of institutional consolidation, church and state rarely challenged authority over property.
Africans in Colonial Mexico 1570–1640 by Herman L. Bennett