By R. Douglas Hurt
During the 1st 1/2 the 20th century, degradation, poverty, and hopelessness have been usual for African american citizens who lived within the South’s nation-state, both on farms or in rural groups. Many southern blacks sought aid from those stipulations via migrating to city facilities. Many others, even if, endured to dwell in rural components. students of African American rural historical past within the South were involved essentially with the adventure of blacks as sharecroppers, tenant farmers, fabric employees, and miners. much less recognition has been given to different features of the agricultural African American adventure through the early 20th century. African American lifestyles within the Rural South, 1900–1950 offers very important new information regarding African American tradition, social existence, and faith, in addition to economics, federal coverage, migration, and civil rights. The essays quite emphasize the efforts of African americans to barter the white international within the southern countryside. Filling a void in southern reports, this amazing assortment presents a substantial evaluation of the topic. students, scholars, and lecturers of African American, southern, agricultural, and rural background will locate this paintings beneficial.
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Additional resources for African American Life in the Rural South, 1900-1950
16 His months in rural Tennessee encouraged him to doubt that assumption and to consider other perspectives. 15. , 31; Manning Marable, W. E. B. Du Bois: Black Radical Democrat (Boston: Twayne Publishers, 1986), 10. For a full discussion, see David Levering Lewis, W. E. B. Du Bois: Biography of a Race, 1868–1919 (New York: Henry Holt, 1993). Du Bois, Souls of Black Folk, 103, 108. 16. Du Bois, Dusk of Dawn, 26–27. ” He had heard such songs before. They touched him on the rare occasions he heard African American religious music in Massachusetts, and he was there to hear the Fisk Jubilee singers in Nashville.
Era crop-reduction and subsidy programs of the Agricultural Adjustment Administration (AAA). Landlords rarely shared crop-reduction subsidies with tenants and sharecroppers. Planters instead began increasingly to rely on wage hands and to use their subsidy checks to finance investments in farm machinery, even before the arrival of a reliable cotton harvesting machine in the late 1940s. Sharecroppers understood this process. In 1939, a black Alabama tenant complained: “I don’t believe there’s going to be any tenant farmers any more.
22 Readers of Black Boy may be surprised by the portrait of African American rural life Wright offered just four years earlier in 12 Million Black Voices. That lyrical, poetic book combined his own word pictures 22. Wright, Black Boy, 8 – 9; Robert B. , Richard Wright: Modern Critical Voices (New York: Chelsea House Publishers, 1987), 83. , and K. A. , Richard Wright: Critical Perspectives Past and Present (New York: Amistad, 1993), 331. On Wright’s rejection of ideas of a Southern Eden, see Michel Fabre, The World of Richard Wright ( Jackson: University Press of Mississippi, 1985), 79–80.
African American Life in the Rural South, 1900-1950 by R. Douglas Hurt