New PDF release: A Forgotten Sisterhood: Pioneering Black Women Educators and

By Audrey Thomas McCluskey

ISBN-10: 1442211385

ISBN-13: 9781442211384

Emerging from the darkness of the slave period and Reconstruction, black activist ladies Lucy Craft Laney, Mary McLeod Bethune, Charlotte Hawkins Brown, and Nannie Helen Burroughs based colleges geared toward freeing African-American formative years from deprived futures within the segregated and decidedly unequal South. From the overdue 19th via mid-twentieth centuries, those participants fought discrimination as participants of a bigger circulate of black ladies who uplifted destiny generations via a spotlight on schooling, social carrier, and cultural transformation. Born loose, yet with the shadow of the slave earlier nonetheless implanted of their recognition, Laney, Bethune, Brown, and Burroughs outfitted off every one other’s successes and discovered from every one other’s struggles as directors, teachers, and suffragists. Drawing from the women’s personal letters and writings approximately academic equipment and from remembrances of surviving scholars, Audrey Thomas McCluskey unearths the pivotal value of this sisterhood’s legacy for later generations and for the establishment of schooling itself.

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Additional info for A Forgotten Sisterhood: Pioneering Black Women Educators and Activists in the Jim Crow South

Example text

Laney, “Burden,” 341–44. 74. John Dittmer, Black Georgia in the Progressive Era, 1900–1920 (Chicago: University of Illinois Press, 1977), 5. 75. Du Bois, Souls of Black Folk, 111. 76. Dittmer, Black Georgia, 199. 77. Anderson, Education of Blacks, 7. 78. Dittmer, Black Georgia, 146. 79. Edward Cashin, The Quest: A History of Public Education in Richmond County, Georgia (Augusta: Richmond Board of Education, 1985), 34. 80. Dittmer, Black Georgia, xi. 36 Chapter 2 81. Margaret Louise Laney, “Miss Lucy Laney and Early 20th Century Education,” Oral Memoirs of Augusta Citizens, Vol.

81 EDUCATION IN AUGUSTA Despite the poor conditions in Georgia, Laney saw opportunities for fomenting desired social change. When she incorporated Haines in 1886, the rapidly growing coastal city of Augusta had a 45 percent black population. 82 The city became the focus of her life’s work as an activist educator, a role she filled until her death from hypertension in 1933. During her lifetime, she witnessed Augusta’s vacillation between paternalism and benevolence, and gross hostility towards its black citizens.

92. The circumstantial evidence of Laney’s collusion, other than not signing the petition to keep Ware High open, comes via oral history and hearsay in the Harper family, plaintiffs in Cumming. According to J. Morgan Kousser: “Mrs. Mary Harper Ingram reported to me that during the 1930s, Channing H. Tobias told Mrs. Ingram’s mother . . ” Kousser, “Separate But Not Equal,” F-15. 93. S. Supreme Court Briefs, 1899, Case #164 (Cumming) vol. 12, 32. 94. Cashin, “Paternalism in Augusta,” 36; Patton, “Augusta’s Black Community,” 55–56.

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A Forgotten Sisterhood: Pioneering Black Women Educators and Activists in the Jim Crow South by Audrey Thomas McCluskey

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